Intelligensutveckling—Ökat IQ hos universitetsstuderande

Intelligensutveckling —Högre IQ hos högskolestuderande i USA

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Universitetsstuderande som utövade Transcendental Meditation och TM-Sidhi-programmet visade signifikant högre IQ, något som inte var att förvänta sig då de studerande var äldre än 18 år. En kontrollgrupp visade ingen ökning.  Skillnaden mellan TM-gruppen och kontrollgruppen hade ett p-värde på mindre än 0,0001.Ref.Personality and Individual Differences 12: 1105–1116, 1991

Faster growth in creativity among students (Kommer inom kort på svenska)

E6-Holistic-Improv-Intellectual-PerfIn Taiwan 362 secondary school students were randomly divided into 4 groups, a TM group and 3 control groups. The 3 control groups included: 1) a resting group, 2) a group practicing contemplation meditation, and 3) a group which received no specific attention. After 6 to 12 months the TM group showed a significant improvement in 5 different scales of intellectual capability, including a scale for “whole brain creativity” as compared to the 3 control groups. The difference in growth was so significant and so consistent that the probability of chance was 1 in 1.2 billion p=.0000000008. (what is a p-value?) The TM students also showed a significant decrease in stress symptoms.Ref.Intelligence 29: 419–440, 2001

Improved results among students

E48-Academic-AchievementHigh school students that were taught the Transcendental Meditation technique and practiced twice a day as part of their school day, showed significant improvements in test results for math (p<.001) and language (English) (p<.005) after three months of practice, as compared to control students.Ref.Education 131: 556–564, 2011

Higher test scores among students

E1-Academic-Skills-1Students in secondary education that were taught Maharishi’s Transcendental Meditation technique, within one academic year showed significant improvement on national standardised tests of basic capabilities. (reading p<.01, math p<.001)Ref.Education 107: 49–54, 1986

Improved academic results in university

E11-Impr-College-GradesUniversity students that were taught Maharishi’s Transcendental Meditation technique showed a significant increase in average test scores (Grade Point Average) in the subsequent three academic test periods, as compared to control students. (p=.0003)Ref.Scientific Research on Maharishi’s Transcendental Meditation Programme: Collected Papers, Volume 1: 396–399, 1977

Correlation between length of TM practice, academic results and IQ

(Kommer inom kort på svenska)

The length of practice of Maharishi’s Transcendental Meditation technique was significantly correlated to both academic results (r=.52, p<.001) and IQ (r=.59, p<.01) among students in a high school where the Transcendental Meditation technique was practiced as part of the curriculum.Ref.Abstracts of Papers of the Annual Meeting of the Mid-western Educational Research Association, 1988, p.6, Chicago

Faster intelligence growth rate among students in Taiwan

E6-Holistic-Improv-Intellectual-PerfIn Taiwan 362 secondary school students were randomly divided into 4 groups, a TM group and 3 control groups. The 3 control groups included: 1) a resting group, 2) a group practicing contemplation meditation, and 3) a group which received no specific attention. After 6 to 12 months the TM group showed a significant improvement in 5 different scales of intellectual capability, including two scales of intelligence, “practical intelligence” p=.00009 and “fluid intelligence” p=.001 as compared to the 3 control groups.  The TM students also showed a significant decrease in stress as compared to the control group.Ref.Intelligence 29: 419–440, 2001

Improved Postgraduate Academic Performance

E12-Impr-PostGrad-AcadMaster degree engineering students who learned the Transcendental Meditation Programme showed improved performance on their standard examinations after six months, compared with randomly assigned control students from the same academic programme.Ref.British Journal of Educational Psychology 55: 164–166, 1985

Better Results in Education

Increased Integration

Students who learned the TM-Sidhi Programme were found to increase over a nine-month period in integration. Integration, which was defined as the degree of integration of the person’s system of valuations—that is, how much the person’s valuations were centered around one fundamental valuation or philosophy of life—was measured as one dimension among several in an open-ended interview, rated by independent interviewers, designed to elicit expression of experiences that the subject values in life.

Reference: Modern Science and Vedic Science 1: 471–487, 1987.

Mindre problem med uppförande i skolan

E29 Bättre uppförande i skolanMindre problem med uppförande i skolan

Unga barn som normalt hade högt systoliskt blodtryck randomiserades till att antingen lära sig Transcendental Meditation eller delta i en kontrollgrupp med hälsoutbildning. Efter fyra månader uppvisade eleverna som gjorde TM minskad frånvaro färre överträdelser av skolregler, och färre avstängningsdagar.Ref.Health and Quality of Life Outcomes 1: 10, 2003

Increased energy among students

E15-Incr-Energy-LevelSecondary school students who learned the Transcendental Meditation Programme showed increased energy levels after 14 weeks, in contrast to control students.Ref.Dissertation Abstracts International  38(7): 3372B–3373B, 1978

Increased Self-Development among university students

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Increased Self-Development (kommer att översättas till svenska inom kort)

University students who were practising the Transcendental Meditation and TM Sidhi Programme increased significantly on self-development (ego development) when measured after graduation, in contrast to control students at three other universities who were not participating in this programme.Ref.Journal of Social Behavior and Personality 17: 93–121, 2005

Större uppskattning av andra

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Universitetsstuderande som utövade Transcendental Meditation värderade de viktigaste personerna i sina liv (föräldrar, partner) betydligt mer positivt än studenter i kontrollgruppen.Ref.Perceptual and Motor Skills 64: 1003–1012, 1987

Better Moral

E25-Greater-Moral-MaturityUniversity students who were practising the Transcendental Meditation Programme showed significantly higher levels of moral maturity in comparison to control students who were not practicing the technique. Controls who were about to learn Transcendental Meditation  displayed the same level of moral maturity as those who were not planning to learn, indicating that the observed difference among the Transcendental Meditation participants was due to changes after learning the practice.Ref.Dissertation Abstracts International 36(7): 4361A, 1976

More self confidence

E21-Incr-Self-Regard-Lrng-D-v1Secondary school students with learning disabilities who were instructed in the Transcendental Meditation Programme showed increased self-regard in contrast to control students participating in a guidance group.Ref.Dissertation Abstracts International 38(6): 3351A, 1977

Increased Self-Esteem in Secondary School Students

E20-Increased-Self-EsteemSecondary school students who learned the Transcendental Meditation Programme showed increased self-esteem after 14 weeks, in contrast to control students.Ref.Dissertation Abstracts International  38(7): 3372B–3373B, 1978

Increased Autonomy

E47-IncrAutonomyTMSPStudents who learned the TM-Sidhi Programme were found to increase over a nine-month period in autonomy. Autonomy, defined as reported self-sufficiency, self-reliance, freedom, independence, and mastery of situations, was measured as one dimension among several in an open-ended interview, rated by independent interviewers, designed to elicit expression of experiences that the subject values in life.Ref.Modern Science and Vedic Science 1: 471–487, 1987

Increased self-actualisation and personal development

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University students who learned the TM-Sidhi Programme, in comparison to control students from another university, increased significantly on three measures of personal development and psychological health—increased creativity, increased autonomy, and increased intrinsic spirituality. The TM-Sidhi Programme participants also improved significantly on an overall measure of well-being and a measure of psychological integration in comparison to the control students.Ref. Modern Science and Vedic Science 1: 471–487, 1987

Ökad tolerans bland gymnasieelever

Gymnasieelever som lärt sig Transcendental Meditation visade ökad tolerans efter 14 veckor, till skillnad från elever i kontrollgruppen.Ref.Dissertation Abstracts International  38(7): 3372B–3373B, 1978

Förbättrat minne hos universitetsstudenter

E8-Improved-MemoryUniversity students that were taught Maharishi’s Transcendental Meditation technique showed improved clustering in short-term memory after a mere 40 days of practicing the technique, which indicated an increased organisation of the thought process, as compared to randomly assigned control groups, that were instructed to sit with their eyes closed twice a day. (p<.001)Ref.Scientific Research on the Transcendental Meditation Programme: Collected Papers, Volume 1: 385–392, 1977

Decreased Stress Response

E39-Decreased-Stress-ResponseUniversity students who learned the Transcendental Meditation Technique displayed decreased stress response after 10 week of practice, in contrast to greater stress response among students randomly assigned to a delayed-start condition. Reduced stress response was measured as quicker physiological habituation to the stressful stimulus of a loud noise. Students learning the Transcendental Meditation Technique also showed increased integration of brain functioning and decreased sleepiness in comparison to controls.Ref.International Journal of Psychophysiology 71: 170–176, 2009

Decreased Stress, Anxiety, and ADHD Symptoms

E40-Stress-ADHD-SymptomsSchool students with a current diagnosis of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) who learned the Transcendental Meditation Technique displayed after three months reduced stress, anxiety, and ADHD symptoms, as rated both by teachers and by themselves. The p-value on the chart indicates improvement as determined by a multivariate test for the following subscales: anxious/depresses, withdrawn/depressed, affective problems, anxiety problems, attention problems, ADHD problems, and total problems; the bars on the chart indicate change on the total problems subscale.Ref.Current Issues in Education 10(2), 2008. [Online]

Students feel better.

E45-IncrWellBeingTMSPStudents that were taught the TM Sidhi programme showed an increase in well-being after a period of nine months. Well-being was measured as an affective component in a questionnaire evaluated by independent interviewers.Ref.Modern Science and Vedic Science 1: 471–487, 1987

Faster response time

E14-Improv-Reaction-TimeUniversity students that practiced the Transcendental Meditation technique and the TM Sidhi programme showed a significant improvement in choice response time, in comparison to control students. (p<.0001)Ref.Personality and Individual Differences 12: 1105–1116, 1991

Decreased sleepiness among students

E38-Decreased-SleepinessUniversity students that were taught Maharishi’s Transcendental Meditation technique reported significantly less sleepiness during the day after 10 weeks of TM practice, in comparison to students that were randomly assigned to a delayed start condition as control group. (p<.001) Students that were taught the Transcendental Meditation technique also showed stronger integration in brain functionality and got used to stressful stimuli faster than those in the control group.Ref.International Journal of Psychophysiology 71: 170–176, 2009

More appreciation for academic activities

E34-GreaterIntellOrientPersons that participated in an advanced, one-month course, which included the TM technique, developed a greater appreciation for reflective and academic activities in comparison to the norms.Ref.Western Psychologist 4: 104–111, 1974

Improved mathematical skills

E9-Faster-Solution-ArithmAfter only 40 days of practice of the Transcendental Meditation technique, students were able to solve mathematical problems faster in comparison to randomly assigned controls, who just sat with their eyes closed twice a day.Ref.Scientific Research on the Transcendental Meditation Programme: Collected Papers, Volume 1: 385–392, 1977

Increased Intelligence in Remedial Students

E7-Incr-Intell-Remedial-StThis study was conducted among Cambodian students taking a year of remedial study in preparation for college. Students who learned the Transcendental Meditation Programme showed a significant increase in intelligence test scores in contrast to other students after three months. (p=.001)Ref.Higher Education Research and Development 15: 73–82, 1995

Increased Intelligence in Secondary School Students

E4-Increased-IntelligenceSecondary school students who learned the Transcendental Meditation Programme showed increased intelligence after 14 weeks, in contrast to control students. (p<.001)Ref.Dissertation Abstracts International  38(7): 3372B–3373B, 1978

Improved general health among university students

University students in Cambodia that started practicing Maharishi’s Transcendental Meditation technique showed improved general health (composed of physical, mental and social factors) after three months, as compared to control groups of students from two other universities that were not taught the TM technique.Ref.Journal of Instructional Psychology  22: 308–319, 1995

Increased efficiency in learning

E43-IncrEfficiencyLearningTMSPStudents who were taught the TM-Sidhi Programme showed increased efficiency in learning after one year, as measured by a computer task involving the learning of concepts. Greater efficiency in learning means that  participants were better able to use each attempt to learn a task in order to find additional information about the solution sought.Ref.International Journal of Neuroscience 15: 151–157, 1981

Efficient learning of new concepts

E26-Improved-Concept-LngUniversity students that were taught the TM Sidhi programme improved significantly on an index of the efficiency of the learning of a concept in comparison to a matched control group of students of the same university.Ref.International Journal of Neuroscience 15: 151–157, 1981

Increased Creativity in Secondary School Students

E3-Increased-CreativitySecondary school students who learned the Transcendental Meditation Programme showed increased creativity after 14 weeks, in contrast to control students. (p <.001)Ref.Dissertation Abstracts International 38 (7): 3372B-3373B, 1978

Increased Creativity

E44-IncrCreativityTMSPStudents who learned the TM-Sidhi Programme were found to increase over a nine-month period in creativity. Creativity, defined as reported originality, spontaneity, and growth, was measured as one dimension among several in an open-ended interview, rated by independent interviewers, designed to elicit expression of experiences that the subject values in life.Ref.Modern Science and Vedic Science 1: 471–487, 1987

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